Address:

#9/3, Abdul Khadar Street,
Manjakuppam, Cuddalore-607001.
Tamil Nadu.
India.
Phone: +91(0) 9443077017
e-mail: balasundaram.murugan@gmail.com

Balasundaram Murugan

Research interest

1. Heterogeneous catalysis: Selection and design of catalysts for different applications: The role of metal, support and promoters.
2. Synthesis of novel catalytic materials and their characterization: influence of preparation parameters on the properties of catalysts; structural and textural characterization of catalysts; application of different spectral techniques for surface and bulk analysis; structure-property relationship in catalysis.
3. Developing in-situ spectroscopic characterization techniques.
4. Study of mixed metal oxides, condensed materials, perovskites, fluorites and spinels through novel methods of preparation and characterization.
5. Nano-architecture for the enhancement of the efficiency of fuel cell electrode materials.
6. Micro/mesoporous materials: zeolites, aluminophosphates and pillared clays. Mesoporous carbon, carbon nitrides and metal nitrides. Photocatalytic materials.
7. Oxidative dehydrogenation reactions. Selective oxidation of light alkanes.
8. Development of novel organic-inorganic hybrid materials for gas storage applications.

 

Skills/Techniques Known:
Micro/Mesoporous materials:

Various synthetic routes for the preparation of novel zeolites with micro and mesoporous structure, mixed metal oxides, pillared and encapsulated clays and clay nanocomposites, hierarchical mesoporous transition metal oxides and organic-inorganic hybrid materials. Coordination metal complexes.
Structural Characterization:
Powder X-ray diffraction techniques: Normal X-ray diffraction, low temperature X-ray diffraction and in situ high temperature X-ray diffraction studies. Rietveld refinement analysis using Fullprof and X’pert plus software.
Spectroscopic techniques: Diffuse reflectance infrared and UV-visible spectroscopic techniques. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Microscopic techniques: Scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope.
Temperature programmed desorption and reduction analysis.
Catalysis:
Vapor phase reactions (alkylation, dehydrogenation and oxidative dehydrogenation reactions). Batch reactions (oxidation and epoxidation reactions). High-pressure reactions in Parr reactors. Reactions at ambient and non-ambient conditions. Photocatalysis.

 


Publication:
1. B. Murugan and A. V. Ramaswamy, Defect site promoted surface reorganization in nanocrystalline ceria for the low temperature activation of ethylbenzene using nitrous oxide, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129, (2007), 3062.
2. B. Murugan, A. V. Ramaswamy, D. Srinivas, C. S. Gopinath, V. Ramaswamy, Nature of Manganese Species in Ce1-xMnxO2-d Solid Solutions Synthesized by the Solution Combustion Route, Chem. of Mater., 17, (2005), 3589.
3. M. Vijayaraj, B. Murugan, S. Umbarkar, S. G. Hegde and C. S. Gopinath, An insight into the mechanism of selective mono-N-methylation of aniline on Cu1-xZnxFe2O4: a DRIFTS study, J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 231, (2005), 169.
4. B. Murugan and Veda Ramaswamy, Use of N,N-Diisopropylethylamine for Faster Synthesis of AlPO-5 and MgAPO-5 Molecular Sieves and their Characterization, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., 154, (2004), 971.
5. B. Murugan, A. V. Ramaswamy, D. Srinivas, C. S. Gopinath, V. Ramaswamy, Effect of fuel on the nature of Manganese Species in Ce1-xMnxO2-d Solid Solutions Synthesized by the Solution Combustion Route, Acta Mater., (submitted).
6. B. Murugan, A. V. Ramaswamy, D. Srinivas, C. S. Gopinath, V. Ramaswamy An Efficient CeO2/?-alumina Catalyst for the Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Ethylbenzene Using N2O, (in preparation).
7. B. Murugan and A. V. Ramaswamy, A direct spectroscopic evidence for the active participation of Ce3+ defect sites in nanocrystalline ceria for the ODH of ethylbenzene, (in preparation).

 

Posters presented
1. Oral presentation in 1st International IUPAC Conference on Green-Sustainable Chemistry, Dresden, Germany, 10-15th September 2006. Topic: “An Efficient CeO2/?-alumina Catalyst for the Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Ethylbenzene Using N2O”.
2. Oral presentation in the “17th National Symposium on Catalysis” held at Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India. Topic: “The Nature of Manganese Species in Ce1-xMnxO2-d Solid Solutions Synthesized by Combustion Route".
3. Oral presentation in 14th International Zeolite Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 25-30th April 2004. Topic: "Use of N,N-Diisopropylethylamine for Faster Synthesis of AlPO-5 and MgAPO-5 Molecular Sieves and their Characterization".

 

National Level Eligibility Test:
• Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering, GATE-2001 with a percentile of 92.4 out of 99.99.
• Council of Scientific and Industrial Research / University Grand Commission - Lectureship in 2003 and 2006.

 

Awards:
• Best outgoing student of the year award in 1999 (B.Sc.).
• Rev. Fr. Lourdu M. Yeddanapalli, S. J. award for the best research proposal of the year in 2004 (Silver medal).

 

Professional experience:

1. Position held: Project Assistant
Project title: Activation of molecular oxygen by various Transition metal complexes
Duration: June 2001 to February 2002
Institution: Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India.
Project Coordinator: Prof. R. N. Mukherjee
Sponsored by: Department of Science and Technology, India

2. Position held: Project Assistant
Project title: Structural studies of metal incorporated molecular sieves by X-ray, magnetic resonance and electron microscopy techniques
Duration: July 2002 to September 2003
Institution: National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India.
Project Coordinator: Dr. Veda Ramaswamy
Sponsored by: Department of Science and Technology, India

3. Position held: Research Fellow
Project title: Studies on the synthesis of fluorites and pervoskites by novel chemical routes, their characterization & possible application in direct electrooxidation.
Duration: October 2003 to September 2006.
Institution: University of Pune, Pune, India.
Project Coordinator: Prof. A. V. Ramaswamy
Sponsored by: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India

4. Position held: Post doctoral fellow
Project title: Synthesis, characterization and functionalization of mesoporous carbon materials
Duration: January 2007 to March 2007
Institution: National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan.
Project Coordinator: Dr. T. Mori

5. Position held: Project Associate
Project title: DST project on centre for catalysis research
Duration: June 2007 to July 2007
Institution: National Centre for Catalysis Research, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India.
Project Coordinator: Prof. B. Viswanathan / Prof. A. V. Ramaswamy